Photo of Electric Bike Against Rail

Electric bikes (e-bikes) have surged in popularity across Arizona, offering an eco-friendly, efficient, and enjoyable mode of transportation. However, as their presence on roads and bike paths increases, so do questions about liability and safety in the event of an accident. Understanding who is liable in an e-bike accident involves examining a multitude of factors including state regulations, local laws, and the circumstances of the accident itself. At the Bellovin Law Firm, PLLC we are committed to protecting your rights. If you have been in an accident do not hesitate to reach out to Mr. Bellovin. He will be able to utilize his decades of experience in Arizona to determine the merits of your case and help you to receive the compensation you deserve after your accident.

E-Bike Classification

E-bike classification in Arizona is a crucial factor in determining the legal requirements for their use, including speed limits, where they can be ridden, and the necessary licenses. The classification affects liability in accidents significantly. For instance, Class 3 e-bikes, with their higher speed capabilities, might carry different liability considerations compared to Class 1 and 2 e-bikes, especially in incidents involving speed or road sharing with vehicles.

There are three classes of E-Bikes in Arizona:

Class 1: Pedal-assisted e-bike with maximum assisted speed of 20 mph.

Class 2: Throttle assisted electric bike with max speed of 20- mph

Class 3: Pedal assisted e-bike with a maximum assisted speed of 28 mph.

For all of these classifications your e-bike must be pedal assisted and electrically powered. If you were using a bike that has a dedicated motor, please contact a professional attorney like Mr. Bellovin to determine the classification of your bike.

Local Laws and Regulations

Everyone who uses the roads in Arizona is expected to understand the local rules and regulation surrounding their vehicle. These can be enounced in some situation but generally fall into categories such as:

Bike Lanes and Paths: In some cities and towns in Arizona, Class 1 and 2 E-bikes are permitted to use bike lanes while class 3 may have restricted access to bike lanes. Similarly, E-Bikes in these classes (limited to under 20 mph) the operator is not required to carry identification for use, while class 3 requires a class M, Motorcycle License. Commonly this is an E-Bike with 750 Watts or more.

Roads and Streets: The regulations about where you can operate your E-Bike is often regulated by I’s classification. For 1 and 2 you are often permitted to use the same rules as a bicyclist

Sidewalks: You are rarely if ever permitted to use sidewalks with your E-Bike.

Parks and Public Spaces: Arizona State Parks only allow electric bicycles on state park roadways and designated motorized trails

Labelling: E-bikes must have a label specifying the bike’s top assisted speed, motor wattage, and its class.

Insurance: Please verify with your insurance agent that you and your e-bike are fully covered at all times.

Negligence and Liability

Ultimately you are responsible for the operation of your E-Bike just like a motorist is responsible for their vehicle. Because of this you may be protected in the event of an accident knowing that you were following the rules and regulations of your city.

Manufacturer Liability

E-Bikes have made the news in recent years not just for their utility and pleasure of use, but for a number of high-profile fires and defects. These can range from incorrect batteries and poor breaks in relation to the power supply making them dangerous and, in some cases, leaving the manufacturer liable for the damages that result from the defect.

Seeking Legal Assistance

Emphasizing the complexity of e-bike laws and liability, the conclusion should reinforce the importance of consulting with legal professionals, like the Belovin Law Firm PLLC, when involved in an e-bike accident. It should assure readers that expert legal advice can navigate the nuances of their specific situation, ensuring their rights are protected and they receive any compensation they’re entitled to.



Arizona E-Bike Handout


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